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St Mary’s Light on Penbal Crag

Tynemouth Pier – Lighting the Lamps at Sundown by Alfred William Hunt (1863)
Aquatint by William Daniell, from ‘Voyage round Great Britain’ (1822)

There has probably been a beacon on the headland since at least Early Medieval times. It was known as Mary’s Light after the chapel at the Priory. Stella Maris, Mary’s Star, is the guiding light for seafarers.

The first lighthouse was built by Edward Villiers in the 1660s: https://penbal.uk/the-destruction-corruption-and-intrigues-of-colonel-villiers/  

It was rebuilt in the 18th century, then in the 19th century the North Pier made the lighthouse redundant, so in 1898 it was pulled down, once the gleaming state-of-the-art lighthouse on Bates Island was complete.

Photograph from 1880s/1890s
Etching by William Chapman (1869) after the study for the painting above painting by Alfred William Hunt
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